One of the significant features of the K to 12 system is the integration of specialized tracks designed to help students determine their respective career paths. These four tracks—academic, technical-vocational, sports, and arts and design—are aimed to enhance a student’s ability based on what s/he wants to do after graduation.
The technical-vocational, sports, and arts and design tracks allow students to join the workforce immediately upon graduation, whereas the academic track prepares students for further studies.
The academic track consists of courses that will make college life easier to adjust to in terms of subject variety and, to a certain degree, difficulty. This does not mean, however, that if one takes the other tracks, one cannot go to college anymore. If a student chooses the arts and design track, for instance, nothing is stopping him/her from taking up Fine Arts or Interior Design in college instead of working right away. Everything still depends on the student. Simply put, the academic is the track that prepares students for the most common college courses such as business management, engineering, and the sciences.
Upon choosing the academic track, students can choose from four different strands: General Academic; Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics; Accountancy, Business, and Management; and Humanities and Social Sciences. Students may choose their strand in the same way that they decide a course in college. Aside from the 15 core subjects, these strands will add 16 subjects composed of different contextualized and specialized subjects based on the track and strand that will be spread out in grades 11 and 12.
The academic track is the most celebrated one because students usually apply to colleges upon graduation from high school. The only difference is that the subjects are now highly specific and specialized. These are but some of the changes brought about by the K to 12 system.